UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 128

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 128

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Question 1
Consider the following statements with respect to Features of "Connect Central Asia" Policy:
1. The focus will be on military training, joint research, counter-terrorism coordination and close consultations on Afghanistan
2. India looks to Central Asia as a long-term partner in energy, and natural resources Which of the following below given codes are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Reasoning Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 
India's "Connect Central Asia" policy is a broad-based approach including political, security, economic and cultural connections. Its features (or elements) are as follows:
1. India will continue to build on its strong political relations through the exchange of high level visits. India's leaders will continue to interact closely both in bilateral and multilateral fora.
2. India will strengthen its strategic and security cooperation. India already has strategic partnerships with some Central Asian countries. The focus will be on military training, joint research, counter-terrorism coordination and close consultations on Afghanistan.
3. India will step up multilateral engagement with Central Asian partners using the synergy of joint efforts through existing fora like the SCO, Eurasian Economic Community (EEC) and the Custom Union. India has already proposed a Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement to integrate its markets with the unifying Eurasian space.
4. India looks to Central Asia as a long-term partner in energy, and natural resources. Central Asia possesses large cultivable tracts of land and there is potential for India to cooperate in production of profitable crops with value addition.
5. The medical field is another area that offers huge potential for cooperation. India is ready to extend cooperation by setting up civil hospitals/clinics in Central Asia. "
Question 2
Which of the following about the Policy of Ring Fence is/are correct?
  1. It was aimed at creating buffer zones to defend the Company's frontiers.
  2. Policy of subsidiary alliance was an extension of the Policy ring fence.
  3. Protection from Maratha and Afghans were the major reason for the Policy of
    Ring Fence.
A
1 and 2 only
B
1 and 3 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Visual arts Questions answers

Question 2 Explanation: 
All three are correct.
Question 3
Consider the following statements: 1)Elephant corridors are vital natural habitat linkages that enable elephants and other wildlife to move through the degraded habitats lying between larger protected forests freely, without being disturbed by humans 2)Gaj Yatra, launched by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, aims at securing 100 elephant corridors across India. Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Geography Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 
India has about 27,000 wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus); over 50% of the species' estimated global population. Yet these natural nomads face an increasingly uncertain future in the country. The growing resource needs of India's human population have led to the destruction and fragmentation of wild habitats, depleting the area available for elephants to roam and causing the loss of their traditional migratory paths.Elephant corridors are vital natural habitat linkages that enable elephants and other wildlife to move through the degraded habitats lying between larger protected forests freely, without being disturbed by humans.

'Gaj Yatra', a "journey celebrating India's national heritage animal", aims at securing 100 elephant corridors across India.

Question 4
With reference to Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA), consider the following statements
    1. AFSPA was first enacted as an ordinance in the backdrop of Quit India Movement
    2. AFSPA was first enacted to deal with the Naga insurgency in the Assam region.
    3. Governor of a State and the Central Government are empowered to declare any part or full of any state as a disturbed area
Which of the given above statements is/are correct?
A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
All of the above
HRM Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 
The salient features of the AFSPA act are:
  • Governor of a State and the Central Government are empowered to declare any part or full of any state as a disturbed area if according to their opinion that it has become necessary to disrupt terrorist activity or any such activity that might impinge on the sovereignty of India or cause insult to the national flag, anthem or India's Constitution.
  • Section (3) of AFSPA provides that, if the governor of a state issues an official notification in The Gazette of India then the Central government has the authority to deploy armed forces for assisting the civilian authorities. Once a region is declared 'disturbed' then it has to maintain status quo for a minimum of three months, as per The Disturbed Areas Act of 1976.
  • Section (4) of AFSPA gives special powers to army officers in disturbed areas to shoot (even if it kills) any individual who violates law / or is suspected to violate law (this includes assembly of five or more people, carrying of weapons) etc. The only condition is that the officer has to give a warning before opening fire.
  • Security forces can arrest anybody even without a warrant, and carry out searches without consent.
  • Once a person is taken into custody, he/she has to be handed over to the nearest police station as soon as possible.
  • Prosecution of the officer on duty for alleged violation of human rights requires the prior permission of the Central Government.
  • AFSPA was first enacted to deal with the Naga insurgency in the Assam region.
    • In 1951, the Naga National Council (NNC) reported that it conducted a "free and fair plebiscite" in which about 99 percent of Nagas voted for a 'Free Sovereign Naga Nation'. There was a boycott of the first general election of 1952 which later extended to a boycott of government schools and officials.
  • The AFSPA - like many other controversial laws - is of a colonial origin. The AFSPA was first enacted as an ordinance in the backdrop of Quit India Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942.

Refer: "

Question 5
Consider the following statements regarding Endosulfan;
  1. It is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
  2. Its use is banned under Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
  3. It can block the inhibitory receptors of the Central Nervous System.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
All of the above
English grammar Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is incorrect. Endosulfan is a pesticide with hazardous effects on human genetic and endocrine systems.

Statement 2 is correct. In May 2011, the Stockholm Convention committee approved the recommendation for elimination of production and use of endosulfan and its isomers worldwide.

Statement 3 is correct. Endosulfan blocks the inhibitory receptors of the CNS, disrupts the ionic channels and destroys the integrity of the nerve cells.

There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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