UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 129

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 129

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Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
With reference to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), consider the following statements:
  1. It is world's central intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the nuclear field.
  2. Established under United Nations, the IAEA reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are incorrect?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
both 1 and 2
D
neither 1 nor 2
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Question 1 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is correct as IAEA is an international organization established as the world's central intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the nuclear field. It works for the safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology, contributing to international peace and security and the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals.

Statement 2 is incorrect as IAEA is established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute, however, the IAEA reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.

Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
The Supreme Court in the judgement on homosexuality has overturned its judgement of:
A
National Legal Service Authority of India (NALSA) case, 2014
B
Puttaswamy case, 2017
C
Suresh Kumar Kaushal case, 2013
D
Kasturilal case , 2009
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Question 2 Explanation: 
The Supreme Court in the judgement on homosexuality has overturned the judgement of Suresh Kumar Kaushal case, 2013. In the Kaushal case, SC held sex within the same sex against the order of nature and criminalised homosexuality.
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Why is it that "unconventional" reservoirs can produce gas cost-effectively only by using special stimulation techniques such as hydraulic fracturing?
A
The gas is highly dispersed in the rock.
B
The gas occurs in a concentrated underground location which is, at present levels of technology, hard to accurately pinpoint.
C
The momentary pressure rise resulting from a fracture is an important step in the chemical process of creation of gas.
D
None of the above
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Question 3 Explanation: 

US EPA: Unconventional Natural Gas Production : Hydraulic fracturing is a technique used in "unconventional" gas production. "Unconventional" reservoirs can cost-effectively produce gas only by using a special stimulation technique, like hydraulic fracturing, or other special recovery process and technology. This is often because the gas is highly dispersed in the rock, rather than occurring in a concentrated underground location.

TH : Unlike conventional hydrocarbons that can be sponged out of permeable rocks easily, shale gas is trapped under low permeable rocks. Therefore, a mixture of 'pressurised water, chemicals, and sand' (shale fluid) is required to break low permeable rocks in order to unlock the shale gas reserves.

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Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
National Mission on Government eMarketplace (GeM) was launched by
A
Ministry of Consumer Affairs
B
Ministry of Finance
C
Ministry of Commerce & Industry
D
Ministry of Science and Technology
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Question 4 Explanation: 

The Ministry of Commerce & Industry launched National Mission on GeM (NMG) on 5th September 2018. The objective of the Mission was to accelerate the adoption and use of Procurement by Major Central Ministries, States and UTs and their agencies (including CPSUs/PSUs, Local Bodies) on the GeM platform. "

Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
The Ministry of Environment and Forests has extended the 'general approval' for creation of critical public utility infrastructure by government departments, in the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected areas, up to 2018. Under which act has this 'general approval' been accorded?
A
The Forest Rights Act 2006
B
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
C
Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
D
The Environment Protection Act, 1986
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Question 5 Explanation: 

"Realising the importance of developmental activities in the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected areas, the general approval as contained in the Ministry of Environment and Forest letter, dated 13th May, 2011, has been extended up to December 31, 2018, as per the extant terms and conditions."

"In an effort to expedite the creation of public utility infrastructure in 60 Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected districts identified by the Planning Commission for implementation of the Integrated Action Plan (IAP), the Ministry of Environment & Forests, vide letter dated May 13, 2011, had accorded general approval under section 2 of Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, for creation of critical public utility infrastructure by government departments, not involving more than 5.00 hectares of forest land. This provision was further extended to a total of 117 LWE affected districts. The approval was valid upto December 31, 2015."

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=136612 "

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