UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 136

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 136

Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following were the significance of Indo-Greek invasion around 200 BC ?
  1. The Indo-Greeks were the first rulers in India to issue coins
  2. The Indo-Greeks were the first to issue Gold coins in India
  3. Milindapanho - a book which consists of interpretation details of Buddhism is written as a result of this invasion
Choose the correct option
A
1 and 2
B
1 only
C
2 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3
Question 1 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is incorrect

Indo-Greeks were not the first rulers to issue coins, they are first rulers in India to issue coins which can be definitely attributed to the kings.

Statement 2 is correct

They were the first to issue gold coins in India, which increased in number during the kushans.

statement 3 is correct

Milinda, an Indo-Greek ruler converted to Buddhism by Nagasena, who is also known as Nagarjuna. He asked many question related to Buddhism to Nagasena. These questions and nagesena answers were recorded in the form of a book known as Milindapanho or the Questions of Milinda.

Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following statements are true and lend support to cultivation of the pigeon pea variety 'Pusa Arhar16' - developed at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute - in paddy-growing regions of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh ?
  1. It has a yield greater than existing varieties of Arhar.
  2. The size of the pea is uniform, making it amenable to mechanical harvesting.
  3. Its straw, unlike paddy straw, has greater silica content and consequently can be ploughed back into the soil due to the ease of mixing.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A
1 only
B
1 and 2 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Question 2 Explanation: 

Question framed with a mains perspective (but this is worthy of knowing for preliminaries).

  • In the Subramanian Committee report on pulses that was submitted last month to the ministers of finance, agriculture and consumer affairs, the possibilities created by a new variety of arhar (pigeon pea) developed by K.V. Prabhu and his colleagues at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) were discussed.
  • This variety (Pusa Arhar16) has the potential to be grown in the paddy-growing regions of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and eventually in all of India.
  • Its yield (about 2000 kg/hectare) will be significantly greater than those of the existing varieties and because its size will be uniform, it will be amenable to mechanical harvesting, an attractive feature for farmers in northern India who currently use this technology for paddy.
  • Most important, arhar straw, unlike paddy straw, is green and can be ploughed back into the soil. In paddy straw, the problem is the high silica content, which does not allow for easy decomposition. In the case of arhar, the farmer, even after combine harvesting, just needs to run a rotovator to cut the left-over straw into pieces, which can be ploughed back and will decompose very fast. All this is difficult with left-over paddy stalks that cannot be easily salvaged or ploughed back (it is very firm). Farmers, therefore, choose the easiest option of simply burning it.

http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/delhi-pollution-arhar-pulses-demand-supply-gap-burning-of-paddy-4364802/ "

Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
The main cause of Mediterranean type of climate is
A
The occurrence of convectional rain in winters
B
The shifting of the wind belts
C
Presence of Trade winds throughout the year
D
Both a and c
Question 3 Explanation: 
Mediterranean climate is found between the 30o- 45oN-S latitudes & gets its name from the climate found around the Mediterranean Sea.

The basic cause of this type of climate is shifting of the wind belts with summers - warm to hot, and winters - cool but mild.

These regions have also been called 'winter-rain & summer dry'.

Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following statements are correct?
  1. The Quo warranto writ is issued to enquire into the legality of the claim of a person or public office.
  2. The Prohibition writ cannot be issued against a legislative or administrative body.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 4 Explanation: 
Self-explanatory
Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
According to IUCN, the Nilgiri Tahr has been categorised on its Red List as
A
Near Threatened
B
Vulnerable
C
Endangered
D
Critically Endangered
Question 5 Explanation: 

IUCN justification ( IUCN ): Listed as Endangered because its population size is estimated to number fewer than 2,500 mature individuals, there is an observed continuing decline in the number of mature individuals, and no subpopulation contains more than 250 mature individuals.

In the news ( TH ): The antics of the sure-footed Nilgiri tahr are a treat to watch, but these endangered wild mountain goats - found only in high altitudes in India's Western Ghats - could be losing their footing with increasing climate change. Even under moderate scenarios of future climate change, tahrs could lose approximately 60% of their habitats from the 2030s on, predict scientists in their study in Ecological Engineering, an international journal that emphasises the need for ecological restoration. "

There are 5 questions to complete.