UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 145

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 145

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Question 1
With reference to "Mycorrhizal fungi", which of the following statement is/are correct?
  1. Mycorrhizal fungi colonize the roots of many plants.
  2. Mycorrhizal fungi is hosted by the trees in their roots to receive nutrients from the soil.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 1 Explanation: 
Statement 1 is correct: Mycorrhizal fungi is hosted by the trees in their roots to receive nutrients from the soil .These fungi provide essential nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium from soil in exchange for carbon from the tree.

Statement 2 is correct: Mycorrhizal fungi colonize the roots of many plants.

Question 2
Which of the planets has the highest number of moons?
A
Jupiter
B
Saturn
C
Neptune
D
Uranus
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Question 3
With reference to Raja Ram Mohan Roy, which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. He started the journal 'Samachar Darpan'.
  2. He translated the Vedas and Upanishads into Bengali, Hindi, and English.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 3 Explanation: 
Raja Ram Mohun Roy
  • He was a polyglot who had mastered various languages such as Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, English, Bengali and Hindi
  • He was the founder of the Brahma Samaj, which played a major role in reforming and modernising the Indian society
  • He formed the Atmiya Sabha as a philosophical discussion circle to debate monotheistic Hindu Vedantism and similar subjects
  • He was against idol worship and orthodox Hindu rituals
  • He denounced the caste system
  • He started a Bengalee journal 'Sambad Kaumudi'

Samachar Darpan was first Bengalee newspaper published 1818 by Baptist Missionary Society. Hence, statement 1 is incorrect.

Question 4
Consider the following statements with respect to Industrial Design (IPR):
  1. "Industrial design" title granted by any official authority protects only the non-functional features of an industrial product
  2. The period of protection granted to Industrial Design is from 10 to 25 years
Which of the following codes below given is/are NOT correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 4 Explanation: 
An industrial design renders an object attractive or appealing, thus increasing its marketability and adding to its commercial value. The design may be three-dimensional based on the shape or surface of the object, or two-dimensional based on the object's patterns, lines or colours. Novelty, originality and visual appeal are essential if an industrial design is to be patented, although these criteria can differ from one country to another. Its aesthetic features should not be imposed by the technical functions of the product. Legally, "industrial design" is the title granted by an official authority, generally the Patent Office, to protect the aesthetic or ornamental aspect of an object. This protects solely the non-functional features of an industrial product and does not protect any technical features of the object to which it is applied. Industrial design rights are granted to the creator of designs to reward them for their effort and investment in manufacturing the product. These rights enable the owner to make articles to which the design is applied or in which the design is embodied. The holder of this legal title has the exclusive right to make, import or sell any objects to which the design is applied. They can authorise others to exploit the design and bring a legal action against anyone using the design without authorisation. In general the period of protection granted is from 10 to 25 years. This is often divided into terms and an extension of the term requires renewal of the registration.
Question 5
In the Nagara style of temples,
  1. Elaborate boundary walls or gateways are usually not constructed.
  2. The garbhagriha is always located directly under the tallest tower.
Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None of the above
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Question 5 Explanation: 
In North India it is common for an entire temple to be built on a stone platform with steps leading up to it. Further, unlike in South India it does not usually have elaborate boundary walls or gateways. While the earliest temples had just one tower, or shikhara, later temples had several. The garbhagriha is always located directly under the tallest tower. There are many subdivisions of nagara temples depending on the shape of the shikhara
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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