UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 146
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To enable State Governments to pursue the agenda for population stabilisation
To ensure continuity in developmental programmes for periods longer than the interval between successive censuses
To avoid unnecessary expenditure that the exchequer would incur due to the associated costs of increased number of people's representatives in both the centre and state governments
None of the above
The same question was posted here earlier.
- The Statement of Objects and Reasons to the Constitution (84th Amendment) Act, 2001 states, "There have been consistent demands, both for and against undertaking the exercise of fresh delimitation. Keeping in view the progress of family planning programmes in different parts of the country, the Government, as part of the National Population Policy strategy, recently decided to extend the current freeze on undertaking fresh delimitation up to the year 2026 as a motivational measure to enable the State Government to pursue the agenda for population stabilisation."
- Ch-22, Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth: "This ban on readjustment was extended for another 25 years (ie, upto year 2026) by the 84th Amendment Act of 2001, with the same objective of encouraging population limiting measures."
- Ecological balance can happen when the diversity of the living organisms remains relatively stable.
- The stability of an ecosystem always increases with the introduction of new species.
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Introduction of new species into the ecosystem often cause disruption in stability of ecosystem. For ex: Presence of alien species like lantana in tropical deciduous forest has resulted in frequent forest fires.
- In the elastocaloric effect, the transfer of heat works much the same way as when fluid refrigerants are compressed and expanded.
- A good elastocaloric material must exhibit a large latent heat, and a large adiabatic temperature change.
RBI has to take permission from President to print currencies, which is cumbersome process.
There is no provision in Reserve Bank of India Act, 1935 to print currency to meet deficit.
RBI has to oblige the norms of International Monetary Fund, while meeting deficit.
Printing of hard currency to meet deficit may cause hyperinflation.
Printing money just for meeting a deficit creates over flow of money into the market creating hyperinflation. So, RBI usually don't take such measure.
- Solar cells can generate electricity irrespective of whether the source is sunlight or an artificial light.
- Solar cells are made of crystalline silicon only.
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Solar cells can be classified into first, second and third generation cells. The first generation cells also called conventional, traditional or wafer-based cells are made of crystalline silicon, Second generation cells are thin film solar cells, made of amorphous silicon, third generation cells are comprised of often organometallic compounds as well as inorganic substances. So statement 2 is incorrect.