UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 157
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- It makes an explicit reference to 'cross-border terrorism'
- The two sides have named 'South China Sea' for the first time in a joint-statement
- S. has expressed its support for India's permanent membership on a reformed U.N. Security Council
2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
Statement 3 is included in the Joint Statement, but it is nothing 'unique' or 'different' from the joint statements of the past.
- On Pakistan and terror: Titled "Shoulder-to-Shoulder Against Terrorism", this paragraph makes an explicit reference to "cross-border terrorism" in a joint statement for the first time. "The leaders called on Pakistan to ensure that its territory is not used to launch terrorist attacks on other countries. They further called on Pakistan to expeditiously bring to justice the perpetrators of the 26/11 Mumbai, Pathankot, and other cross-border terrorist attacks perpetrated by Pakistan-based groups," it says.
- China and Asia Pacific: In 2014, the two sides, for the first (and only) time, named South China Sea in the joint statement. This time, the statement uses the term "Indo-Pacific" for the first time, which is a more contemporary term than "Asia-Pacific". It uses terms like "democratic stalwarts" and "responsible stewards" which are aimed at China, takes a common position against the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and expresses reservations about the Belt and Road Initiative.
1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
1,2 and 3
The Prime Minister is the Chairman of the CSIR.It was recently awarded the Intellectual Property Award for the year 2018 in the category "Top R&D Institution/Organization for Patents and Commercialization".
- Dirac metals differ from normal metals in that the energy depends linearly on the momentum.
- Dirac metals can be used for development of clean energy technology
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
- Dirac metals differ from normal metals in that the energy carried depends linearly on the momentum of the transfer medium. This difference is responsible for their unique properties. The velocities of the energy carriers can be over a100 times more than normal metals, thus increasing the mobility and currents that can be carried across devices made of these so-called Dirac materials.
- Research has discovered special properties in a class of materials called "semi-Dirac metals". Examples of semi-Dirac metals are systems such as TiO2/V2O3 nanostructures.
- A very high optical conductivity of semi-Dirac materials for electromagnetic waves [light waves] of a specific frequency and specific polarization has been observed. Optical conductivity is a measure of the opacity offered by the material to the passage of light through it.
- Semi-Dirac materials can display such thermoelectric properties. Thermoelectricity is a clean energy technology that uses waste heat to produce electricity typically in low power applications.
- The albedo of an object determines its visual brightness when viewed with reflected light.
- The albedo of Mercury is much greater than the albedo of the Earth.
Both are correct
Both are incorrect
- In India, the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971,divides contempt into civil contempt and criminal contempt.
- Civil contempt is the publication of any matter or doing of any act which scandalises or lowers the authority of any court.
- The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971, states that fair criticism of any case which has been heard and decided is not contempt.
1 and 3
1, 2, 3
In India, the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971, divides contempt into civil contempt and criminal contempt.
'Civil contempt' is a 'wilful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other processes of a Court or wilful breach of an undertaking given to the court'.
'Criminal contempt' is 'the publication (whether by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise) of any matter or the doing of any other act whatsoever which:
- Scandalises or tends to scandalise, or lowers or tends to lower the authority of, any court.
- Prejudices, or interferes or tends to interfere with the due course of any judicial proceeding.
- Interferes or tends to interfere with, or obstructs or tends to obstruct, the administration of justice in any other manner.'
The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971, very clearly states that fair criticism of any case which has been heard and decided is not contempt. "