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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 14
Question 21 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
- The main aim of the programme is to reduce the PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by 2024, taking 2019 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.
- 102 non-attainment cities have been identified for implementing mitigation actions under NCAP.
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
The government launched National Clean Air Programme, a time-bound national level strategy to tackle increasing air pollution.
The NCAP will be a mid-term, five-year action plan with 2019 as the first year. The main aim of the programme would be 20-30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by 2024. The programme would take 2017 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.
Overall objective of the NCAP is comprehensive mitigation actions for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution besides augmenting the air quality monitoring network across the country and strengthening the awareness and capacity building activities.
City specific action plans are being formulated for 102 non-attainment cities identified for implementing mitigation actions under NCAP. Cities have already prepared action plans in consultation with Central Pollution Control Board. The national plan has proposed setting up an apex committee under environment minister, a steering committee under secretary (environment) and a monitoring committee under a joint secretary. There would be project monitoring committees at the state-level with scientists and trained personnel.
Other features of NCAP include, increasing number of monitoring stations in the country including rural monitoring stations, technology support, emphasis on awareness and capacity building initiatives, setting up of certification agencies for monitoring equipment, source apportionment studies, emphasis on enforcement, specific sectoral interventions etc.
Question 22 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
It enjoys the same level of protection as the tiger.
It no longer exists in the wild, a few individuals are under captive protection; and now it is impossible to prevent its extinction.
It is endemic to a particular region of India.
Both (b) and (c) stated above are correct in this context.
Schedule I animals under the Wildlife Act enjoy the highest protection in India. Since tiger is also covered in Schedule I, option A is correct.
Question 23 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
Border Roads Organisation (BRO)
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh recently inaugurated two strategically important bridges in Kathua and Samba districts of Jammu and Kashmir that will help in smooth mobility of security forces in the border areas.
The bridges, near the International Border, have been built under Project Sampark.
Project Sampark was raised by Border Roads Organisation (BRO) in 1975 with its Headquarters at Jammu.
Question 24 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Question 25 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
1. FCI is a statutory body constituted under the Food Corporations Act, 1964
2. Its objective is to ensure Minimum Support Price to farmers Which of the following below given codes are correct?
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
* To ensure Minimum Support Price to farmers
* To maintain buffer stocks of food grains and distribution of food grains under National Food Security Act (2013) and other welfare schemes of Govt. of India.
* To intervene in market for price stabilization "