UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 2
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Question 46 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
- Minimum food requirements on the basis of calories required per average Indian adult.
- Minimum recreation including festivals/ceremonies.
- Cloth requirements per annum per family.
- Children's education.
1, 2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
2 and 4 only
1, 2, 3 and 4
Keep in mind the context - the ILC norms were recommended in 1957 - so the very basic needs (clothing, a roof over the head, food, fuel to cook food) were sought to be guaranteed back then, whereas by 1991/1992, what constituted the basic requirements had expanded. This way, you can easily answer this question.
"The norms recommended by the Indian Labour Conference, in 1957, fox fixing the minimum wages are:
- consumption units for one wage earner;
- minimum food requirements of 2700 calories per average Indian adult;
- clothing requirements of 72 yards per annum per family;
- rent corresponding to the minimum area provided for under Government's Industrial Housing Scheme; and
- fuel, lighting and other miscellaneous items of expenditure to constitute 20% of the total minimum wage."
"In 1991 (1992 according to Arthapedia), the Hon'ble Supreme Court delivered a historic judgement and directed that
- children's education,
- medical requirements,
- minimum recreation including festivals/ceremonies,
- provision for old age,
- provision for marriage etc.
should further constitute 25% of the minimum wage and be used as a guide in fixation of minimum wage."
September 24th, PIB Features: Understanding Minimum Wages and Bonus. "
Question 47 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Influence of soils on living things
Influence of human development on soil
Influence of soils on human development
None of the above
Question 48 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
3 and 4 only
2 and 4 only
The scheme would lead to development of infrastructure for the leather sector, address environment concerns specific to the leather sector, facilitate additional investments, employment generation and increase in production. Enhanced Tax incentive would attract large scale investments in the sector and reform in labour law in view of seasonal nature of the sector will support economies of scale. The Special Package has the potential to generate 3.24 lakhs new jobs in 3 years and assist in formalisation of 2 lakh jobs as cumulative impact in Footwear, Leather & Accessories Sector.
Meeting the challenge of jobs may require paying attention to labor-intensive sectors. The apparel and leather sectors meet many desirable attributes for policy attention: bang- for- buck for creating jobs, especially for women, opportunities for exports and growth. Rising labor costs means that China is gradually vacating its dominant position in these sectors, affording India an opportunity. To not cede this space to competitors such as Vietnam and Bangladesh will require easing restrictions on labor regulations, negotiating FTAs with major partners such as the EU and UK, and ensuring that the GST rationalizes current tax policy that can discriminate against dynamic sectors.
Chapter 7, Economic Survey Volume 1 2016-17;
Improvisation: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=174375 ;
Question 49 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Question 50 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Guru Gobind Singh
Guru Tegh Bahadur
Guru Har Rai