UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 2
Click on any option to know the CORRECT ANSWERS
- The Sentinelese are a negrito tribe wholive on the Great Nicobar Island.
- Sentinelese had recently migrated to Andaman and Nicobar from Africa.
- Island Development agency is a statutory body constituted under the chairmanship of Union Home Minister.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
2 and 3 only
The Sentinelese are a negrito tribe wholive on the North Sentinel Island of theAndamans. The inhabitants areconnected to the Jarawa on the basis ofphysical, as well as linguistic similarities.Their numbers are believed to be lessthan 150 and as low as 40.
Based on carbon dating of kitchen middens by the Anthropological Survey of India, Sentinelese presence was confirmed in the islands to 2,000 years ago. Genome studies indicate that the Andaman. tribes could have been on the islands even 30,000 years ago
Island Development agency (IDA) was constituted in 2017 for the holistic development of islands. It will undertake holistic development in the project islands after giving due consideration to unique maritime and territorial bio-diversity of the islands. IDA is chaired by Union Home minister and members includes, cabinet secretary, home secretary, secretary (environment, forests and climate change), secretary (tourism) and secretary (tribal welfare). "
- It is an autonomous constitutional body.
- Elections with respect to the election of Panchayats and Municipalities are carried out under the supervision of the State Election Commission.
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
- The Indian Constitution explicitly states that parliamentary privileges shall be the same as those of the British House of Commons
- The Indian Parliament has examined the issue of codification of privileges in the past and concluded that there was no need for it
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
- Originally, the Constitution (Article 105) expressedly mentioned two privileges, that is, freedom of speech in Parliament and right of publication of its proceedings. With regard to other privileges, it provided that they were to be the same as those of the British House of Commons, its committees and its members on the date of its commencement (ie, 26 January, 1950), until defined by Parliament.
- The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 provided that the other privileges of each House of Parliament, its committees and its members are to be those which they had on the date of its commencement (ie, 20 June, 1979), until defined by Parliament.
- This means that the position with regard to other privileges remains In other words, the amendment has made only verbal changes by dropping a direct reference to the British House of Commons, without making any change in the implication of the provision.
- In 2008, the Committee of Privileges of Lok Sabha felt that there was no need for codification. It noted that the House had recommended punishment only five times since the first Lok Sabha, and that allegations of misuse of its powers were due to a lack of understanding of its procedures.
Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth; "
- Trans fats are a form of unsaturated fat that come in both natural and artificial forms.
- Industrial trans-fats are used in vegetable fats / oils and baked foods for longer shelf life.
- FSSAI aims to reduce the industrially produced trans-fats on food supply to less than two per cent by 2022.
1, 2, 3
Recently 'Trans Fat-Free' logo was launched.
The logo has been launched to accelerate Food Safety and Standards Authority of India or FSSAI's 'Eat Right India', a movement to phase out trans-fat in the country.
Food outlets that use trans-fat free fats / oil and do not have industrial trans-fat more than 0.2g / 100g of food, can display the logo.
FSSAI aims to reduce the industrially produced trans-fats on food supply to less than two per cent by 2022.
Trans fats, or trans-fatty acids, are a form of unsaturated fat. They come in both natural and artificial forms. Natural trans fats occur in the meat and dairy from ruminant animals, such as cattle, sheep, and goats.
Industrial trans-fats are used in vegetable fats / oils, vanaspati, margarine and baked foods for longer shelf life.
India targets to eliminate trans-fat by 2022, a year ahead of the global target by the World Health Organization.