UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 225

UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 225

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Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
'Gharana wetland' is locted in which of the following states?
A
Rajasthan
B
Uttar Pradesh
C
Gujarat
D
None of the above
Question 1 Explanation: 
Gharana wetland is located in Jammu.
Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements with respect to comparison of Treasury bills and Certificate of Deposits
  1. Both are issued against government securities
  2. Both are forms of deposits
Select the right code
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both
D
None
Question 2 Explanation: 
  • Treasury Bills are government securities (debt instruments) used by the government to raise money for a shorter period of time i.e less than a year. Therefore, they are categorized as money market instruments. T-bills do not pay interest but are rather sold at a discounted rate and can be redeemed at the face value at maturity
  • Certificate of Deposits is a money market instrument issued in demat form or as promissory notes by banks against funds deposited at the banks. they can either be offered at a discounted rate or with a floating rate (to be determined by the market forces).
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Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. The INS Arihant and INS Varsha are the two nuclear-powered submarines currently in service with the Navy.
  2. Sagarika is a nuclear-capable submarine-launched ballistic missile.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Question 3 Explanation: 
2 only is correct.
  • The Arihant-class submarines are nuclear powered ballistic missile submarines built under the Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) project. They will be the first nuclear submarines designed and built by India.
  • INS Arihant is the lead ship of India's Arihant class of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines. The vessel is classified as a Strategic Strike Nuclear Submarine by India. The submarines are powered by a pressurised water reactor with highly enriched uranium fuel. The Arihant class is armed with nuclear capable missiles and is critical to India's second strike capability.
  • INS Arighat is the second Arihant-class submarine. It is the second nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine being built by India.
  • INS Varsha is a new naval base being developed under Project Varsha for the Indian Navy. This base will be the home of the navy's new fleet of nuclear submarines and ships. It was planned to be located within a radius of approximately 200 kilometres (124.27 statute miles) from Visakhapatnam, the headquarters of the navy's Eastern Naval Command.
  • The INS Arihant and Chakra - on lease from Russia - are the two nuclear-powered submarines currently in service with the Navy.
  • Sagarika also known by the code names K-15 or B-05, is a nuclear-capable submarine-launched ballistic missile with a range of 750 kilometres (466 mi). It belongs to the K Missile family and forms a part of India's nuclear triad, and will provide retaliatory nuclear strike capability.
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following has the highest weight in the Index of Industrial Production?
A
Petroleum Refinery production
B
Coal production
C
Steel production
D
Electricity generation
Question 4 Explanation: 
Read more about Index of Industrial Production in
Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY COICE TO KNOW RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements regarding Long Period Average (LPA).
  1. LPA is the average rainfall received by the country as a whole during the entire year, for a 50-year period.
  2. The current LPA is 89 cm, based on the average rainfall over years 1951 and 2000.
  3. India Meteorological Department (IMD) brands the monsoon as 'normal' or 'deficient' based on how it fares against its benchmark Long Period Average (LPA).
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 5 Explanation: 

  • IMD brands the monsoon as 'normal' or 'deficient' based on how it fares against its benchmark Long Period Average (LPA).
  • LPA is the average rainfall received by the country as a whole during the south-west monsoon, for a 50-year period. The current LPA is 89 cm, based on the average rainfall over years 1951 and 2000. This acts as a benchmark against which the rainfall in any monsoon season is measured.
  • The country is said to have received deficient rainfall if the actual rainfall falls below 90 per cent of LPA. Similarly, the country is said to have received excess rainfall if the rainfall is greater than 110 per cent of LPA. It is deemed 'normal' when the actual rainfall received falls between 96 and 104 per cent of LPA.
  • A 50-year average is expected to smooth out the day-to-day, month-to-month variations, while also accounting for freak weather events like the El Nino and La Nina.
  • Like the countrywide figure, IMD maintains an independent LPA for every homogeneous region of the country, which ranges from 71.6 cm to 143.83 cm. The region-wise LPA figures are: 143.83 cm for East and Northeast India, 97.55 cm for Central India, 71.61 cm for South Peninsular India, and 61.50 for Northwest India, which put together bring the all-India figure to 88.75 cm.

Source "

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