UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 226

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 226

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Question 1
Consider the following statements with respect to "CRISPR-Cas9":
  1. It is a new type of Gene Editing.
  2. It was adapted from a naturally occurring genome editing system in bacteria.
  3. It is faster, cheaper, more accurate, and more efficient than other existing genome editing methods.
Which of the following codes below given is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
1 and 2 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
Microbiology Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 
A recent approach to genome editing is known as CRISPR-Cas9, which is short for clustered regularly interspaced short palindrome repeats and CRISPR associated protein 9.
  • It was adapted from a naturally occurring genome editing system in bacteria.
  • It is faster, cheaper, more accurate, and more efficient than other existing genome editing methods
  • CRISPR is the DNA-targeting part of the system which consists of an RNA molecule, or 'guide', designed to bind to specific DNA bases through complementary base-pairing.
  • Cas9 is the nuclease part that cuts the DNA.
Question 2
"Krishi Rath" app is recently in news, is launched by which of the following?
A
Ministry of agriculture
B
NITI Aayog
C
Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR)
D
All the above
Biology Questions answers

Question 2 Explanation: 
As the harvesting of rabi crops like wheat pick up, Agriculture Minister on Friday launched the 'Krishi Rath' mobile app to facilitate farmers hire trucks for hassle-free transportation of agri-produce to mandis during the ongoing Covid-19 lockdown. After downloading the Krishi Rath mobile app, farmers are required to post the quantity of agri-produce they wish to transport. They will get the availability of truck and price quote against the load request from the transport aggregators. After confirmation, farmers will get transporters details on the app and can negotiate with transporters and finalise the deal for transportation of the produce to mandi.
Question 3
With reference to Chola Education and Literature, consider the following statements:
  1. Temples and mathas served as the only educational centres.
  2. Not only Vedas and Epics, but subjects like mathematics and medicine were also taught.
  3. Endowment of lands was made to run educational centres.
Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A
1, 2
B
2, 3
C
3 only
D
1, 2, 3
GK Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 

  • Statement 1: During this period, besides the temples and mathas as educational centres, several educational institutions also flourished.
  • Statement 2 and 3: The development of Tamil literature reached its peak during the Chola period. And a lot of it came from the contribution of education and literature to the enrichment of this culture.
  • Mathematics and medicine studies showed that Kings encouraged logical and intellectual pursuits and were not centred entirely on religious studies.
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Question 4
Financial Stability Report (FSR), recently in news is released by
A
World Bank
B
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
C
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
D
None of the Above
Biology Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 

The bi-annual Fiscal Stability Report released by RBI discusses issues relating to the development and regulation of the financial sector.

Source "

Question 5
A 'moonshot', in a technology context, appears sometimes in the news. This is
A
An ambitious and exploratory project undertaken without any expectation of near-term profitability or benefit
B
A Reusable Launch Vehicle project being undertaken by an international consortium consisting of newspace companies from across the globe
C
Google Lunar XPrize participant Team Indus' project name
D
A proposed mode of passenger transportation that would propel a vehicle through a near-vacuum tube at more than airplane speeds
Public administration Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 
  • A moonshot, in a technology context, is an ambitious, exploratory and ground-breaking project undertaken without any expectation of near-term profitability or benefit and also, perhaps, without a full investigation of potential risks and benefits.
  • Google defines moonshot as a project or proposal that a) Addresses a huge problem, b) Proposes a radical solution, and c) Uses breakthrough technology.
  • The term "moonshot" derives from the Apollo 11 spaceflight project, which landed the first human on the moon in 1969. "Moonshot" may also reference the earlier phrase "shoot for the moon" meaning aim for a lofty target.

What is moonshot ;

Improvisation - BBC: Google hails net balloon 'breakthrough' ;

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There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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