# UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 231

## Click on any option to know the CORRECT ANSWERS

 Question 1
Consider the following statements

1. Hongyun project aims to build a space-based communications network to provide broadband internet connectivity to users around the world.

2.China launched the world's first quantum satellite known as Quantum Experiments at Space Scaler (QUESS) satellite.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 A 1 only B 2 only C Both 1 and 2 D Neither 1 nor 2

Question 1 Explanation:

Both statements are correct. "

 Question 2
"Deepfake" have been in news recently, what does it relate to?;
 A Duplicate currency B Ransomware C Phishing D Fake Pictures & Videos

Question 2 Explanation:
Deepfakes are are synthetic media in which a person in an existing image or video is replaced with someone else's likeness. Deepfake technology uses machine learning and artificial intelligence to manipulate pictures, motion pictures and audios
 Question 3
With reference to Emperor Ashoka, which of the following statements is/are incorrect?
1. He believed that an individual harmed others' as well as his own religion when that individual honoured his religion and condemned others'
2. He established the Mauryan Empire in the third century BCE
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
 A 1 only B 2 only C Both 1 and 2 D Neither 1 nor 2

Question 3 Explanation:

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Mauryan Empire was established by Chandragupta Maurya in the 4th Century BCE. His successor was Bindusara who was succeeded by Ashoka.

Emperor Ashoka's Girnar Rock Edict near Junagarh in Gujarat around the year 260 BC:

'The King honours all religions and sects. His Sacred Majesty does not value gifts and honours as he values the growth of the essential elements of all religious sects. But the root of it is restraint of speech, that is, there should not be honour only of one's own religion and condemnation of other religions. On the other hand, other religions should be honoured too. By doing this, one helps his own religion to grow and benefits the religion of others also. By doing otherwise, one harms his own religion and injures the other religions too. For whoever honours only his own religion and condemns other religions injures more gravely his own religion. Hence concord alone is commendable and all should listen, and be willing to listen, to the beliefs professed by others.'

 Question 4
Which of the following is/are correct?
1. The writ of Mandamus can be issued against a private individual.
2. The writ of Habeas Corpus cannot be issued against private individuals.
Answer as per the codes below:
 A 1 only B 2 only C Both 1 and 2 D Neither 1 nor 2

Question 4 Explanation:
Both are incorrect.
 Question 5
Consider the following statements with reference to Gasification process:
1. Gasification is a process that converts organic or fossil fuel based carbonaceous materials into carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
2. It produces a gas known as Syngas.
Choose the correct statement.
 A 1 only B 2 only C Both 1 and 2 D Neither 1 nor 2
Gasification is a process that converts organic or fossil fuel based carbonaceous materials into carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. This is achieved by reacting the material at high temperatures (>700 $^\circ$C), without combustion, with a controlled amount of oxygen and/or steam. The resulting gas mixture is called syngas (from synthesis gas) or producer gas and is itself a fuel.