# UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 233

## UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 233

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 Question 96 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements about India Justice Report 2019:
1. It has been prepared by NITI Aayog.
2. It is India's first-ever ranking of states on justice delivery.
3. Kerala has topped the list of states in delivering justice to people.
Which of the above given statement is/are correct?
 A 2 only B 1 and 3 only C 2 and 3 only D 1, 2 and 3
Question 96 Explanation:
India Justice Report 2019 has been prepared by Tata Trusts in collaboration with Centre for social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, Daksh, TISS-Prayas and Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy.
It is India's first-ever ranking of states on justice delivery. The report looks into the 'four pillars' - of Judiciary, Legal Aid, Police and Prisons, and analyses the budgets, human resources, personnel workload, diversity, infrastructure and trends against the government's declared standards and benchmarks.
Overall ranking: Maharashtra has topped the list of states in delivering justice to people followed by Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Haryana. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar ranked at the bottom. Among the small states (where population is less than one crore each), Goa has topped the list followed by Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh. Tripura ranked at the bottom.
Policing: The best score was achieved by Tamil Nadu - 6.49. UP received the lowest score- 2.98. UP fared poor in terms of budgeting, spending on police per person, vacancies and diversity.
Prisons: Jharkhand performed the worst with a score of 3.46. It was followed by Uttarakhand (3.72), Punjab (4.35). The best in this regard was Kerala with a score of 7.18.
Judiciary: Bihar, with a score of 2.41, fared the worst in this regard. It was followed by UP (3.7), Karnataka, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand. Tamil Nadu featured on the top in terms of judiciary with a score of 6.99. It was followed by Punjab, Haryana and Maharashtra.
Legal aid: The report has said that almost 80% of India's 1.25-billion population is eligible for free legal aid, but only 15 million people have availed it since 1995. "
 Question 97 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
What does BOD stands for?
 A Biological Oxygen Demand B Biological Ozone Deposit C Botanical Oxygen Deposit D Botanical Oxide Demand
Crack any exam
Question 97 Explanation:
Biological Oxygen Demand
 Question 98 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements about Solar System?
1. Planet Jupiter has the highest number of satellites.
2. Uranus has the maximum inclination (98*) towards the sun among all planets.
3. Saturn is a planet with three rings around it.
4. Mercury is the planet that is closest to the sun and therefore gets more direct heat and is the hottest planet.
Which of the above statements are correct?
 A 1, 2 and 3 B 1, 3 and 4 C 2, 3 and 4 D 1, 2, 3 and 4
Question 98 Explanation:
Statement 1, 2 and 3 is correct:

Statement 4 is Incorrect:

Mercury is the planet that is closest to the sun and therefore gets more direct heat, but even it isn't the hottest. Venus is the second planet from the sun and it is the hottest planet in the solar system.

So what makes Venus hotter than Mercury?

Mercury doesn't have any atmosphere, and atmosphere can hold and trap heat. Any heat that Mercury receives from the sun is quickly lost back into space. Venus is very close to the actual size of earth and viewing it has been difficult due to a very thick atmosphere of carbon dioxide. This thick atmosphere makes the surface of Venus hotter because the heat doesn't escape back into space. The atmosphere on Venus is so powerful that the pressure would be ninety-two times more than what you would experience standing on a beach at sea level.

 Question 99 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following is definition of a 'cold day' as per India Meteorological Department (IMD)?
A. A day when maximum temperature is at least 6.5$^\circ$C below normal.
B. A day when the minimum temperature is at least 6.5$^\circ$C above normal.
C. A day when the maximum temperature during the day is at least 4.5$^\circ$C above normal.
D. A day when the maximum temperature during the day is at least 4.5$^\circ$C below normal.
 A A day when maximum temperature is at least 6.5$^\circ$C below normal. B A day when the minimum temperature is at least 6.5$^\circ$C above normal. C A day when the maximum temperature during the day is at least 4.5$^\circ$C above normal. D A day when the maximum temperature during the day is at least 4.5$^\circ$C below normal.
Question 99 Explanation:
The IMD is the national meteorological service of the country and it is the chief government agency dealing in everything related to meteorology, seismology and associated subjects. It was formed in 1875. The IMD is under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India.
* Cold Day: A cold-day condition is said to prevail when the maximum temperature during the day is at least 4.5$^\circ$C below normal.
* Severe Cold Day: If the maximum temperature is at least 6.5$^\circ$C below normal, it is classified as a severe cold day.
* Cold wave: Cold wave is characterized by a rapid and marked fall of temperature. The term 'cold' describes an unusual fall in temperature that is triggered by the transport of cold air masses into a specific area. The "wave" in cold wave is apparent in the upper-air flow (the jetstream), which is usually amplified into a strong ridge-trough pattern during a major cold outbreak. Cold waves affect much larger areas than blizzards, ice storms, and other winter hazards. "
 Question 100 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following steps have been taken by RBI to boost economic growth during COVID-19 pandemic?
1. Increase in 'Ways and Means Advances (WMA)' limits
2. Reduction in Repo rate
3. Providing liquidity to NBFCs by TLTRO
Select the correct answer using code below
 A 1 and 2 only B 2 only C 2 and 3 only D All of the above