UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 233
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Question 11 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
1,2 AND 3
1 AND 3
2 AND 3
Though the Constitution of India does not define the word 'Minority' and only refers to 'Minorities' and speaks of those 'based on religion or language', the rights of the minorities have been spelt out in the Constitution in detail.
- Article 30 speaks about two categories of minorities - religious and linguistic - while Article 350 relates to linguistic minorities
- It is a statutory body set up under Minorities act 1992.
Question 12 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Encouraging innovative ideas such as Zero Ratings
Enhancing workers' skills
Government institutions should make themselves accountable
Improving the quality of basic infrastructure such as postal delivery systems and expressways
This question would have given you a hint for the answer to the third question!
'Innovative ideas' such as Zero Ratings would not be one of the 'analogue complements'. Zero Ratings would only help increase the number of people who could access the internet (and of course, only a small part of it).
"But greater digital adoption will not be enough. To get the most out of the digital revolution, countries also need to work on its "analogue complements" - by strengthening regulations that ensure competition among businesses, by adapting workers' skills to the demands of the new economy, and by ensuring that government institutions and others are accountable."
"The slow pace of improvement of the quality of basic infrastructure - expressways, logistics, storage, postal delivery system and reliable supply of electricity - have also hampered the growth of e-commerce in India." Hampered growth of e-commerce implies that we have been unable to fully harness the potential of digital technologies. Hence, good quality basic infrastructure too is a part of 'analogue complements'.
Question 13 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
- Atal Tunnel Uttarakhand
- Zoji La Tunnel Ladakh
- Sela Tunnel Arunachal Pradesh
1, 2, 3
Atal Tunnel (previously known as Rohtang Tunnel), named after India's former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, is a highway tunnel being built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway. At 8.8 km length, the tunnel will be one of the longest road tunnels in India and is expected to reduce the distance between Manali and Keylong by about 46 km. It is located in Himachal Pradesh.
Zoji La Tunnel is a 14.2 km long road tunnel under Zoji La pass on the Himalayas between Sonmarg and Drass town of Kargil district of the Indian Union Territory Of Ladakh, currently under construction.
Sela Tunnel is an upcoming road tunnel project in Sela Pass and is a step toward ensuring all-weather connectivity between Guwahati in Assam and Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh.
Question 14 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
1. Cutting down the Revenue Expenditure by reducing subsidies
2. Cutting down the Research & Development Expenditure
Which of the following below given codes are correct?
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
1. Policy initiatives towards cutting revenue deficits:
(i) Cutting down expenditure-
(a) Cutting down the burden of salaries, pensions and the PFs (downsizing/ right-sizing of the government, out of every 3 vacancies 1 to be filled up, interest cut on the PF, pension reforms-PFRDA, etc.);
(b) Cutting down the subsidies (Administered Price Mechanism in petroleum, fertilizers, sugar, drugs to be rationalised, it was done with mixed successes);
(c) Interest burden to be cut down (by going for lesser and lesser borrowings, pre-payment of external debts, debt swaps, promoting external lending, minimal dependence on costlier external borrowings, etc.);
(d) Defence being one major item of the expenditure bilateral negotiations initiated with China and Pakistan (the historical and psychological enemies against whom the Indian defence preparedness was directed to, as supposed) so that the defence force cut could be completed on the borders, etc.;
(e) Budgetary supports to the loss-making PSUs to be an exception than a rule;
Question 15 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Reduction in the numbers of phytoplankton in the oceans
Ice sheets being covered with a range of contaminants carried on the winds including dust and soot from industrial heartlands of China, America and Europe
Algae and microbes living and reproducing in ice sheets
Increased cover of man-made structures over barren land
- White snow reflects up to 90% of solar radiation while dark patches of algae will only reflect about 35% or even as little as 1% in the blackest spots.
- One concern now is that rising temperatures will allow algae to flourish not only on the slopes of the narrow margins of the Greenland ice-sheet but also on the flat areas in the far larger interior where melting could happen on a much bigger scale.
- Earlier research had found that the Greenland ice sheet is covered with a range of contaminants carried on the winds including dust and soot from as far away as Canadian prairie fires and the industrial heartlands of China, America and Europe.
- But studies over the past five years have shown that the majority of the dark material may be biological with different kinds of algae turning the ice black, brown, green and even mauve.