UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 245

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 245

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Question 21 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements about Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme"
  1. It was launched by National Cooperative Development Corporation
  2. It aims to attract youth to cooperative business ventures
Which of the following statement is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Bank exam Questions answers
Question 21 Explanation: 
National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has come up with a youth-friendly scheme 'Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme" for attracting them to cooperative business ventures. The scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore 'Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF)' created by the NCDC. It would have more incentives for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD members.
Question 22 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Parinam Manjusha portal refers to,
A
An online depository of birth certificates
B
CBSE repository of documents like mark-sheets and migrations certificates.
C
An online depository of Aadhar Cards
D
A portal to monitor the implementation of schemes
Civics Test Questions answers
Question 22 Explanation: 
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has come up with digital academic repository called 'Parinam Manjusha', which will allow students to find their mark sheets, pass and migration certificates online. It has been developed by the board in collaboration with NEGD (DigiLocker). Employers and educational institutions can use it to verify academic records and students can have the access to their certificates.
Question 23 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements: 1.Radar, Lidar and Sonar are all remote sensing methods 2.Lidar's pulses of radio waves can penetrate forest cover to record the shape of the ground below Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None of the above
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Question 23 Explanation: 

Remote sensors collect data by detecting the energy that is reflected from Earth. These sensors can be on satellites or mounted on aircraft (or on ships in the case of Sonar).

Lidar bounces a laser pulse (NOT radio wave) off a target and then measures the time (and distance) each pulse traveled. Those measurements reveal the relative heights of features on the ground struck by the laser pulses. These pulses can penetrate forest cover to record the shape of the ground below. That makes this technology especially valuable for mapping.

A LIDAR instrument principally consists of a laser, a scanner, and a specialized GPS receiver. Airplanes and helicopters are the most commonly used platforms for acquiring LIDAR data over broad areas. Two types of LIDAR are topographic and bathymetric. Topographic LIDAR typically uses a near-infrared laser to map the land, while bathymetric lidar uses water-penetrating green light to also measure seafloor and riverbed elevations.

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/remotesensing.html ;

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/lidar.html ;

https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/explainer-what-are-lidar-radar-and-sonar ; Improvisation: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-42916261 ; "

Question 24 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Consider the following statements in the Indian context:
  1. The mineral monazite is a major resource for rare earth elements.
  2. Beach sand deposits are an important source for supplies of rare earth elements.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
GK (GENERAL KNOWLEDGE) Questions answers
Question 24 Explanation: 

Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD), a constituent unit of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), has the mandate to identify, evaluate and augment mineral resources of uranium, thorium, niobium, tantalum, beryllium, lithium, zirconium, titanium, rare earths (containing uranium and thorium) and other beach sand minerals like garnet and sillimanite.

The resources of the minerals comprising BSM (Beach Sand Minerals) are given below:

  • Thorium (as monazite) - 12.47 million tonne (1.12 million tonne ThO2)
    • The mineral monazite, containing ~ 55 - 60% total Rare Earth Elements (REE), is also the major resource for REE.
  • Titanium (as ilmenite, leucoxene and rutile) - 682.30 million tonne
  • Zirconium (as zircon) - 35.75 million tonne
  • Garnet - 187.46 million tonne
  • Sillimanite -255.09 million tonne

One of the misconceptions about beach sand-mining is the assumption that it involves quarrying. This is patently false: Companies that operate in this field in southern Tamil Nadu, for instance, dredge only the top inch of beach sand. Any deeper, and they would be mining for silica, which is neither a rare earth mineral, nor of any use to the industry. The skimming is done every morning; each day, the sea deposits fresh layers of rare earth minerals on the beaches and by evening, much of it is washed away if not harvested. "

Question 25 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW MCQ multiple objective type questions RIGHT ANSWER]
Which of the following statement(s) is/are true regarding National Commission for Minorities? 1. Its Chairperson shall hold office for a term of five years
2. It is set up by the National Commission for Minorities Act, 2001
3. It aims to safeguard the interests of minorities under the Constitution and laws enacted by Parliament and state legislatures
4. It conducts studies, research and analysis on the issues relating to socio-economic and educational development of minorities
A
1 and 2 only
B
3 only
C
3 and 4 only
D
1, 2, 3 and 4
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Question 25 Explanation: 
  • The Chairperson and every Member shall hold office for a term of three years from the date he assumes office. Thus Statement 1 is incorrect
  • This Act may be called the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.thus

Statement 2 is incorrect

  • The NCM, set up to safeguard the interests of minorities under the Constitution and laws enacted by Parliament and state legislatures.

Statement 3 is correct

NCM conducts studies, research and analysis on the issues relating to socio-economic and educational development of minorities. Statement 4 is correct

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