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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 260
Question 1 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
- World bank
- demand for goods/ services provided by the country concerned.
- Stability of the government of the concerned country.
- Economic potential of the country
1, 2, 3 and 4
2 and 3
3 and 4
1 and 4
Question 2 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Sherpa is a personal representative of the leader of a member country at an international Summit meeting.
Sherpas are career diplomats or senior officials appointed by the Central bank of a country.
Sherpas are the seniors officials appointed to handle problems of refugees.
Sherpas are the foreign diplomats appointed to deal with the problem of terrorism at international meetings.
Question 3 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
- The Finance Commission is constituted by the Parliament, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.
- It redresses the vertical imbalances between the taxation powers and expenditure responsibilities of the centre and the States respectively.
The Finance Commission is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.
Two distinctive features of the Commission's work involve redressing the vertical imbalances between the taxation powers and expenditure responsibilities of the centre and the States respectively and equalization of all public services across the States. "
Question 4 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Both 1 and 2
None of these
The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.
Question 5 [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
- They are large systems of circular ocean currents formed by the patterns of routine and rhythmic movement of marine life
- These are known for their 'garbage patches' - sometimes also referred to as 'plastic patches'
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
- Gyre circulation: Three forces cause the circulation of a gyre:
- Global wind patterns - Wind drags on the ocean surface, causing water to move in the direction the wind is blowing.
- Earth's rotation - The Earth's rotation deflects, or changes the direction of, these wind-driven currents. This deflection is a part of the Coriolis effect.
- Earth's landmasses - Earth's continents and other landmasses (such as islands) also influence the creation of ocean gyres. The massive South Pacific Gyre, for instance, includes hundreds of kilometers of open ocean. In contrast, the northern Indian Ocean Gyre is a much smaller ocean gyre.
- The Ocean Conveyor Belt: The movement of the world's major ocean gyres helps drive the "ocean conveyor belt." The ocean conveyor belt circulates ocean water around the entire planet. Also known as thermohaline circulation, the ocean conveyor belt is essential for regulating temperature, salinity and nutrient flow throughout the ocean.
- Garbage Patches: Ocean gyres circle large areas of stationary, calm water. Debris drifts into these areas and, due to the region's lack of movement, can accumulate for years. These regions are called garbage patches. The Indian Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, and North Pacific Ocean all have significant garbage patches.
NatGeo: Ocean Gyre ;
BBC: The Pacific Plastic Patch ; "