UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 260

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 260

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Question 1
Consider the following statements: The price of any currency in international market is decided by the
  1. World bank
  2. demand for goods/ services provided by the country concerned.
  3. Stability of the government of the concerned country.
  4. Economic potential of the country
Which of the following statements are correct
A
1, 2, 3 and 4
B
2 and 3
C
3 and 4
D
1 and 4
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Question 1 Explanation: 
Demands for goods, services by the country and stability of government decides the price of any currency in international market as it has its bearing on the soundness of country's economic system.
Question 2
With reference to "Sherpa", recently in news, which of the following option is/are correct?
A
Sherpa is a personal representative of the leader of a member country at an international Summit meeting.
B
Sherpas are career diplomats or senior officials appointed by the Central bank of a country.
C
Sherpas are the seniors officials appointed to handle problems of refugees.
D
Sherpas are the foreign diplomats appointed to deal with the problem of terrorism at international meetings.
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Question 2 Explanation: 
A Sherpa is a personal representative of the leader of a member country at an international Summit meeting such as the G8, G20 or the Nuclear Security Summit. The term is derived from the Nepalese Sherpa people, who serve as guides for mountaineers in the Himalayas.
Question 3
Consider the following statements regarding Finance Commission of India.
  1. The Finance Commission is constituted by the Parliament, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.
  2. It redresses the vertical imbalances between the taxation powers and expenditure responsibilities of the centre and the States respectively.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both
D
None
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Question 3 Explanation: 

The Finance Commission is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.

Two distinctive features of the Commission's work involve redressing the vertical imbalances between the taxation powers and expenditure responsibilities of the centre and the States respectively and equalization of all public services across the States. "

Question 4
Consider the following statements: 1. Lake Chilka has been included in the Montreux Record under Ramsar Convention. 2. Wetlands which have seen considerable ecological improvement are included in Montreux Record Which of the statements given above is/are true?
A
2 only
B
1 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None of these
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Question 4 Explanation: 
Only Loktak and Keoladeo are a part of Montreux Record.

The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.

Question 5
Consider the following statements about ocean gyres:
  1. They are large systems of circular ocean currents formed by the patterns of routine and rhythmic movement of marine life
  2. These are known for their 'garbage patches' - sometimes also referred to as 'plastic patches'
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
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Question 5 Explanation: 
  • Gyre circulation: Three forces cause the circulation of a gyre:
  • Global wind patterns - Wind drags on the ocean surface, causing water to move in the direction the wind is blowing.
  • Earth's rotation - The Earth's rotation deflects, or changes the direction of, these wind-driven currents. This deflection is a part of the Coriolis effect.
  • Earth's landmasses - Earth's continents and other landmasses (such as islands) also influence the creation of ocean gyres. The massive South Pacific Gyre, for instance, includes hundreds of kilometers of open ocean. In contrast, the northern Indian Ocean Gyre is a much smaller ocean gyre.
  • The Ocean Conveyor Belt: The movement of the world's major ocean gyres helps drive the "ocean conveyor belt." The ocean conveyor belt circulates ocean water around the entire planet. Also known as thermohaline circulation, the ocean conveyor belt is essential for regulating temperature, salinity and nutrient flow throughout the ocean.
  • Garbage Patches: Ocean gyres circle large areas of stationary, calm water. Debris drifts into these areas and, due to the region's lack of movement, can accumulate for years. These regions are called garbage patches. The Indian Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, and North Pacific Ocean all have significant garbage patches.

NatGeo: Ocean Gyre ;

BBC: The Pacific Plastic Patch ; "

There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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