UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 261

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 261

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Question 1
Which of the following statements is correct?
A
Recently, India has decided to collaborate with Russia to build Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh.
B
It will be second initiative under an India-Russia nuclear deal to undertake atomic energy projects in third countries, after Kazakhstan.
C
Both A and B
D
Neither A nor B
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Question 1 Explanation: 
India is collaborating with Russia to build Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh. It will be first initiative under an India-Russia nuclear deal to undertake atomic energy projects in third countries. It will also be India's first atomic energy venture abroad. Rooppur Nuclear project (capacity of 2*1200 MWs) is Bangladesh's first atomic energy project. It is being built with Russia's help near Dhaka. After commissioning of two units each with capacity of 1200 MWs, Bangladesh will be third South Asian country after India and Pakistan to harness atomic energy for energy purpose.
Question 2
Consider the following statements regarding Convention on Migratory Species (CMS).
  1. The CMS is an environmental treaty of the UN that provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats.
  2. It is not the only global convention specialising in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes.
  3. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
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Question 2 Explanation: 

India hosted the 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS COP13), a major United Nations wildlife conference, in Gandhinagar. The theme of the conference is "Migratory species connect the planet and together we welcome them home". The CMS is an environmental treaty of the UN that provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. It is the only global convention specialising in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes. The pact was signed in 1979 in Germany and is known as the Bonn Convention. "CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range,"

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Question 3
Which of the following writs is/are issued against judicial or quasi-judicial authorities only?
  1. Prohibition
  2. Certiorari
  3. Quo-warranto
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
A
1 only
B
1 and 2 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
1, 2 and 3
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Question 3 Explanation: 
Prohibition is the only writ which is issued against judicial or quasi-judicial authorities only. It is issued by higher court to lower court to prevent the latter from exceeding its jurisdiction.

Certiorari: It is issued by higher court to a lower court or administrative authority over excess of jurisdiction or error of law.

Quo warranto: It is issued by the court to enquire into the legality over a public office claimed by an individual. It cannot be issued against ministerial office or private office. Ministerial office or private office.

Question 4
Consider the following statement about "Biofuels" in India:
  1. Bio fuels can be produced through processes such as Biogas, Pyrolysis and Gasification.
  2. Bio fuels can be produced from sugarcane, jatropha, food grain waste, agriculture residue.
  3. Promotion of Biofuel can help in reducing balance of payment.
Choose the correct code:
A
1 and 2 only
B
1 and 3 only
C
2 and 3 only
D
1,2 and 3
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Question 4 Explanation: 
Bio fuel can be produced through processes such as Biogas, Pyrolysis and Gasification .Increased ethanol blending in petrol has many benefits including reduction in import dependency, support to agricultural sector, more environmental friendly fuel, lesser pollution and additional income to farmers. First Generation biofuels are produced directly from food crops by abstracting the oils .Second Generation biofuels produced from non-food crops such as wood, organic waste, food crop waste and specific biomass crops. Third Generation of biofuels are based on specially engineered energy crops such as algae as its energy source. Fourth Generation Biofuels are aimed at not only producing sustainable energy but also a way of capturing and storing CO2
Question 5
Which one of the following is not correctly matched?
A
Akash - A medium range multi-target missile
B
Nag - An anti-tank missile
C
Pinaka - A multi-barrel rocket launcher weapon system
D
Trishul - A short range surface to surface missile
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Question 5 Explanation: 
Akash is a medium-range mobile surface-to- air missile. Nag is an antitank missile by DRDO. Pinaka is a multiple rocket launcher produced for Indian Army by DRDO while Trishul is a missile system of a short range surface to-air missile as a part of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.
There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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