UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 268

 

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UPSC PRELIMINARY MOCK TEST 268

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Question 1
The Himalayan Mountains are an example of
A
Extraterrestrial impact.
B
Continent-ocean convergence.
C
A subduction zone.
D
Continent-continent convergence.
UPSC test Questions answers

Question 1 Explanation: 

The Himalayan mountain range and Tibetan plateau have formed as a result of the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate which began 50 million years ago and continues today.

The image below shows the process

The Himalayas are still rising by more than 1 cm per year as India continues to move northwards into Asia, which explains the occurrence of shallow focus earthquakes in the region today.

Question 2
Consider the following statements about Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.
  1. The Act defines a child as any person below sixteen years of age.
  2. The act protects children from sexual harassment and pornography.
  3. The act provides for speedy trial of offences through special courts.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Journalism Questions answers

Question 2 Explanation: 

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 deals with sexual offences against persons below 18 years of age, who are deemed as children. The Act for the first time, defines "penetrative sexual assault", "sexual assault" and "sexual harassment". The offence is considered graver if it is committed by a police officer, public servant, any member of the staff at a remand home, protection or observation home, jail, hospital or educational institution, or by a member of the armed or security forces.

The Act has come into force on the 14th of November, 2012, along with the rules framed thereunder. The Act is a comprehensive law to provide for the protection of children from the offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography, while safeguarding the interests of the child at every stage of the judicial process by incorporating child-friendly mechanisms for reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and speedy trial of offences through appointment of Special Public Prosecutors and designated Special Courts. The Act incorporates child friendly procedures for reporting, recording, investigation and trial offences. The Act provides for stringent punishments which have been graded as per the gravity of offence.

Source "

Question 3
With reference to negotiations within the ambit of the World Trade Organisation, the "peace clause" is related to
A
Giving developing countries, among other things, longer time periods for implementing WTO agreements and commitments as well as provisions for safeguarding their trade interests
B
Temporarily permitting developing countries to hike import duties on farm products to counter sudden import surges and price falls, thereby protecting the interests of poor farmers
C
Suspension of efforts by developed countries to bring within the WTO's ambit non-trade issues such as labour and environment
D
India breaching the WTO agricultural subsidies' disciplines to meet its food security needs while not inviting any action from other member countries of the WTO
Sociology Questions answers

Question 3 Explanation: 

"The skewed rules in the areas of agriculture and intellectual property rights have been flagged by the developing countries as their particular areas of concern. In agriculture, WTO rules have been loaded in favour of the developed countries, while the interests of small farmers have almost been completely ignored. India flagged the important issue of food security and argued that the sovereign states must have the right to decide the manner in which the poor should be provided subsidised food. This issue arose after questions were raised as to whether public stockholding of food, which is at the heart of India's Public Distribution System (PDS), meets the WTO disciplines on agricultural subsidies. After India countered the viewpoints of the countries questioning its PDS, an understanding was reached where even if India breached agricultural subsidies' disciplines to meet its food security needs, no penal action would be taken against it through what is commonly called a "peace clause". But India's insistence that there should be a permanent solution to the problem of public stockholding for food security purposes has been met with deafening silence."

TH: Rewiring the WTO ; "

Question 4
The "Thor Experiment" was recently in the news. What is it? 1] It is an experiment aims to investigate electrical activity from thunderstorms.
2] The key aims of the study include understanding how these discharges influence water vapour levels, cloud formation, and eventually changes in climate. Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A
1 Only
B
2 Only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
English literature Questions answers

Question 4 Explanation: 
Both the statements are correct.

It is an experiment aims to investigate electrical activity from thunderstorms. The key aims of the study include understanding how these discharges influence water vapour levels, cloud formation, and eventually changes in climate.

Question 5
Consider the following statements in the context of the demonetisation exercise, undertaken two years ago: 1.Currency in circulation today is more than what it was just before demonetisation. 2.The value of mobile banking transactions today have nearly doubled in comparison to the period just before demonetisation. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2
Reasoning Questions answers

Question 5 Explanation: 
  • Currency in circulation increased to Rs. 19.6 lakh crore as on Oct. 26, 2018, from Rs. 17.9 lakh crore on Nov.4, 2016.
  • Cash withdrawals from ATMs in Oct. 2016 were Rs. 2.54 lakh crore, while the number for August 2018 was Rs. 2.75 lakh crore - a growth of 8%.
  • ATM withdrawals had crashed to Rs. 1.06 lakh crore in December 2016.
  • Mobile banking transactions rose to Rs. 2.06 lakh crore in Aug. 2018 from Rs. 1.13 lakh crore in October 2016.

TH ; "

There are 5 questions to complete.

 

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