UGC NET Full Mock test
Who is the author of `India Wins Freedom'?
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
Question 1 Explanation:
Maulana Azad is considered one of the greatest Urdu writers of the 20th century. He has written many books including India Wins Freedom, Ghubar-e-Khatir, Tazkirah, Tarjumanul Quran, etc.
Who among the following can be removed by the President without Parliament's resolution?
Governor of a State
Chief Election Commissioner
Comptroller and Auditor - General
Judge of a High Court
Question 2 Explanation:
The Governor of a state can be removed from his or her position by the President of India without the Parliment's resolution. The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. According to the Article 53 of the Constitution of India, the executive power of the country is vested in the President and is exercised by President either directly or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with the Constitution.
Which state government has recently introduced third gender category in school exams?
None of the above
Question 3 Explanation:
For the first time since the Supreme Court recognised transgender people as a third gender in 2014, as many as 18 students in Bihar have been allowed to appear for the Board exams conducted by the Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) under the third-gender category.
Which one of the following statements is not correct?
Indian Parliament is supreme.
The Supreme Court of India has the power of judicial review.
There is a division of powers between the Centre and the States.
There is a Council of Ministers to aid and advise the President.
Question 4 Explanation:
In India, as inscribed in Preamble, the Constitution derives it powers from "We the people". So, we the people are sovereign, while we have given the supreme authority to Constitution, as the supreme law of the land. Parliament runs according to the laws given in the constitution
Which one of the following option is wrong? A scientific research is:
Which one of the following methods is best suited for mapping the distribution of different crops as provided in the standard classification of crops in India ?
Question 6 Explanation:
Chorochromatic maps can be simple or compound. In simple chorochromatic maps, single features with patchy occurrence are depicted (for example, to show the distribution of forest reserves or coal fields in a country). Compound chorochromatic maps on the other hand show phenomena in which types and categories can be recognized. Chorochromatic maps can be used to show different types of soil, rocks, vegetation, etc. For example, in a full vegetation map, all different kinds of vegetation are shown on the same map, using different symbols or shading patterns. Usually the classification resulting in the identification of the unit types shown on a compound chorochromatic map is qualitative, based on apparently discontinuous features. However, in certain cases (for example, soil and vegetation) the aggregate unit area characteristics form parts of a continuum. Cartographers should be aware that chorochromatic maps that display non-area-related phenomena like religion or language may cause the map reader to misinterpret the map. The map reader may assume that the size of the area is proportional to the number of people in the area with that qualitative characteristic. To avoid misleading the map user, the cartographer can add a diagram showing the actual numbers involved.
Which one of the following is not a type of experimental method ?
Single group experiment
Residual group experiment
Rational group experiment
Which of the following universities/institutes is ranked first in the India Rankings 2016?
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Central University, Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
Which of the following statements are correct about the National Assessment and Accreditation Council?
- It is an autonomous institution.
- It is tasked with the responsibility of assessing and accrediting institutions of higher education.
- It is located in Delhi.
- It has regional offices. Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
1 and 3
1 and 2
1, 2 and 4
2, 3 and 4
Which of the following parameters is not used as a pollution indicator in water ?
Total dissolved solids
Question 10 Explanation:
The density of water is the weight of the water per its unit volume, which depends on the temperature of the water. The usual value used in calculations is 1 gram per milliliter (1 g/ml) or 1 gram per cubic centimeter (1 g/cm3). Coliform bacteria are present in the environment and feces of all warm-blooded animals and humans. Coliform bacteria are unlikely to cause illness. However, their presence in drinking water indicates that disease-causing organisms (pathogens) could be in the water system.
Which of the following operating system is used on mobile phones?
All of the above
Question 11 Explanation:
Examples of mobile device operating systems include Apple iOS, Google Android, Research in Motion's BlackBerry OS, Nokia's Symbian, Hewlett-Packard's webOS (formerly Palm OS) and Microsoft's Windows Phone OS. Some, such as Microsoft's Windows 8, function as both a traditional desktop OS and a mobile operating system.
Which of the following is the largest source of water pollution in major rivers of India?
Unregulated small-scale industries
Which of the following is a key behaviour in effective teaching?
Using student ideas and contribution
Question 13 Explanation:
Based on the research conducted by T. Good and J. Brophy in 1987, there are five key behaviors that become the essential of effective teaching, they are lesson clarity, instructional variety, teacher task orientation, engagement in the learning process, and student success rate. Let’s enjoy reading this writing.
- Lesson clarity is indicated when the teacher make the points of explanation clearly to students and give concept in step by step order.
- Instructional Variety means that the teacher uses the following way. Using attention gaining device (for example begins with challenging question, visual or examples that must be different with previous lesson activity), showing enthusiasm (through eyes contact, voice, and gesture), varying model of presentation, using variety of reward and punishment, incorporate students idea participation in some aspects of instruction, and varies type of questions (e.g. match question to behavior and complexity of the lesson objective. Vary the complexity of lesson objectives in accord with the unit plan).
- Teacher task orientation refers to the allocation order of classroom time management. There some question teachers have in applying this key behavior. They are about how much time will teacher spend (for presentating, asking question, and encourage students to think independently), (organizing ifr teaching and getting students ready to learn), and (assessing learner performance). In this case, the teacher develop lesson plan that reflect the most relevant feature of the curriculum and select the most appropriate instructional model for the objective being taught.
- Engagement in learning process is key behavior that refers to the following indicators. (1) Elicit the behavior immediately after the instructional stimuli. (2) Provides opportunity for feedback in a non evaluative atmosphere. (3) Using individual and group activities. (4) Using meaningful verbal praise to get and keep students actively participating in the learning process. (5) Monitoring seatwork and check frequently the progress during independent practice.
- Students rate indicated with teacher who establishes unit and lesson content that reflects prior learning, ahow model of correct answer and how to attain it after first crude response is given, divides instructional stimuli into small chunk, plans transition to new material in easy to grasp steps, and varies the pace at which stimuli are presented.
Which of the following are statutory bodies?
- Election Commission of India
- University Grants Commission (UGC)
- All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
- National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC)
1 and 2
2 and 3
1,2 and 3
1,3 and 4
Which of the following are Central Universities?
- Pondicherry University
- Vishwa Bharati
- H.N.B. Garhwal University
- Kurukshetra University.
1, 2 and 3
1, 3 and 4
2, 3 and 4
1, 2 and 4
When communicated, institutionalised stereotypes become
The use of teaching aids is justified on the grounds of
Attracting student's attention in the classroom.
Minimizing indiscipline problem in the classroom.
Optimizing learning outcomes of students.
Effective engagement of students in learning tasks.
The science of communication control systems in society is called:
Question 18 Explanation:
There are many definitions of cybernetics and many individuals who have influenced the definition and direction of cybernetics. Norbert Wiener, a mathematician, engineer and social philosopher, coined the word "cybernetics" from the Greek word meaning "steersman." He defined it as the science of control and communication in the animal and the machine. Ampere, before him, wanted cybernetics to be the science of government. For philosopher Warren McCulloch, cybernetics was an experimental epistemology concerned with the communication within an observer and between the observer and his environment. Stafford Beer, a management consultant, defined cybernetics as the science of effective organization. Anthropologist Gregory Bateson noted that whereas previous sciences dealt with matter and energy, the new science of cybernetics focuses on form and pattern. For educational theorist Gordon Pask, cybernetics is the art of manipulating defensible metaphors, showing how they may be constructed and what can be inferred as a result of their existence.
CYBERNETICS: DEFINITIONS AND DESCRIPTIONS
- "a science concerned with the study of systems of any nature which are capable of receiving, storing, and processing information so as to use it for control"-A.N. Kolmogorov
- "Cybernetique= the art of growing"--A.M. Ampere
- "the science of control and communication in the animal and the machine"-Norbert Wiener
- "the art of securing efficient operation"-L. Couffignal
- "the art of steersmanship"; "deals with all forms of behavior in so far as they are regular, or determinate, or reproducible"; "stands to the real machine-electronic, mechanical, neural, or economic-much as geometry stands to a real object in our terrestrial space"; "offers a method for the scientific treatment of the system in which complexity is outstanding and too important to be ignored"-W. Ross Ashby
- "a branch of mathematics dealing with problems of control, recursiveness, and information"-Gregory Bateson
- "the science of effective organization"-Stafford Beer
- "the art and science of manipulating defensible metaphors"-Gordon Pask
- "Should one name one central concept, a first principle, of cybernetics, it would be circularity."-Heinz von Foerster
- "a way of thinking"-Ernst von Glasersfeld
- "the science and art of understanding"-Humberto Maturana
- "Cybernetics: when I reflect on the dynamics of observed systems and on the dynamics of the observer-whence 'creative cybernetics': when I project the dynamics of a system I would like to observe"-from announcement of 1987 ASC conference in Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
- "the ability to cure all temporary truth of eternal triteness"-Herbert Brun
The primary duty of the teacher is to
raise the intellectual standard of the students
improve the physical standard of the students
help all round development of the students
imbibe value system in the students
The main characteristic of scientific research is:
all of the above
The Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces of India is
The Chief of the Army Staff
The Defence Minister
The Prime Minister
The President of India
Question 21 Explanation:
The President of India serves as the formal Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces, while actual control lies with the executive headed by the Prime Minister of India.
Some of the following constraints are faced by first generation learners in college and university. Identify them.
- Sub-optimal command over English Language
- Divergences in pronunciation of words
- Not being pro-active in conversations
- Not having proper height and weight
(i), (ii) and (iii)
(ii), (iii) and (iv)
(iii), (iv) and (i)
(iv), (i) and (ii)
Most of the Universities in India are funded by
the Central Government
the State Governments
the University Grants Commission
Private bodies and Individuals
Match the following activities:
(aq) (br) (cs) (dp)
(ar) (bp) (cq) (ds)
(aq) (br) (dp) (cs)
(aq) (br) (cp) (ds)
Manisha is eleventh from either end of a row of girls. How many girls are there in that row?
Kyoto Protocol is related to
Question 26 Explanation:
The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus that (part one) global warming is occurring and (part two) it is extremely likely that human-made CO2 emissions have predominantly caused it. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. There are currently 192 parties (Canada withdrew effective December 2012) to the Protocol.
Irritation in eyes is caused by the pollutant
Question 27 Explanation:
- nitrogen oxides
- hydrocarbons and
In which country, the recent international agreement on phasing out Hydro Fluoro Carbons (HFCs) was signed?
In finalizing a thesis writing format which of the following would form part of supplementary pages?
Table of contents
Conclusions of the study
Bibliography and Appendices
List of tables and figures
In a certain code RSDFRBMUG means SREESANTH, then how FIXING can be written in the same code?
If the radius of a circle is increased by 50%, the perimeter of the circle will increased by
If a rectangle were called a circle, a circle a point, a point a triangle and a triangle a square, the shape of a wheel is
How much fund has been allocated to the National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) for fiscal year 2017-18?
Rs. 353 crore
Rs. 333 crore
Rs. 343 crore
Rs. 333 crore
Given below are some characteristics of logical argument. Select the code which expresses a characteristic which is not of inductive in character.
The conclusion is claimed to follow from its premises.
The conclusion is based on causal relation.
The conclusion conclusively follows from its premises.
The conclusion is based on observation and experiment
GDP of a country tries to measure
Domestic price level
Annual growth rate
DAGMAR approach in marketing is used to measure:
Question 36 Explanation:
Created in 1961 by Russell Colley, Defining Advertising Goals for Measured Advertising Results (DAGMAR), is a marketing tool for measuring the results of an advertising campaign. DAGMAR seeks to guide consumers through four phases, also known as the ACCA advertising formula. ACCA is an acronym for awareness, comprehension, conviction, and action. It also sets specific and measurable objectives to determine the overall success of the campaign.
Assertion (A): Formal communication tends to be fast and flexible. Reason (R): Formal communication is a systematic and orderly flow of information.
(A) is false but, (R) is correct
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is correct explanation of (A)
Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
(A) is correct but, (R) is false
As per Union Budget 2017-18, the Payments Regulatory Board (PRB) will be set up under the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Who will be chairman of the proposed board?
Governor of RBI
As 513 is related to 8 and 344 is related to 7, in the same way 126 is related to
Question 39 Explanation:
8*8*8=512 1=513 7*7*7=343 1=344 and then we have 126 i.e 5*5*5=125 1=126
A private school asks teachers to attend duties if necessary even during holidays. Management supports this action by saying that they were being paid for their holidays too. This situation refers to
Lack of professional standards
Lack of respect for professional rights of teachers
Lack of will on the part of teachers to refuse
None of the above
The University which telecasts interaction educational programmes through its own channel is
University of Pune
Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
Learning takes place when:
There is a match between `what' and `how' students learn
The teacher presents the content accurately
The learning experience is organized within a stipulated time
Teacher's focus is on completion of syllabus
Read the following passage and answer the questions 43 to 48:
Consecutive prison terms for those convicted of more than one offence in a single trial are infrequent in India. When those who have attracted great public odium by the enormity of their crimes are found guilty, the judges are seen to have the option of awarding sentences that are `consecutive', to be undergone one after another as opposed to concurrently, where the longest jail term subsumes the shorter ones. On rare occasions, for example in the case of self-proclaimed godman Premananda in Tamil Nadu, two life sentences have been ordered to run consecutively. The Supreme Court has now provided clarity on the question of whether two or more sentences of life imprisonment can be made to run one after another. It is basically irrational and anomalous, says the Constitution Bench. As life imprisonment is for the remainder of one's life, unless ended by remission or commutation, multiple life terms should be counted concurrently. Accordingly, judgments that run contrary to this principle have been overruled. Consecutive sentences are still permissible if one is a fixed term and the other is one of life, provided the term sentence is completed first and the life sentence begins later. Unbelievably lengthy prison sentences are not common in India, unlike in some jurisdictions in the West. However, most of these countries balance it with a robust system of probation or parole. On the other hand, the idea of releasing a prisoner under supervised probation after a part of the sentence has been served is still rare in India; both state and society expect convicts to be imprisoned for as long as possible. This highlights an issue that occasionally crops up in judicial discourse: the absence of sentencing guidelines in India. In theory, sentences can be deterrent, retributive, reformative or restorative. However, the present sentencing paradigm is judge-centric, leaving much to the court's discretion. Some believe this may be right because no two offences, or even offenders, are likely to be the same. Circumstances aggravating or mitigating), motive and nature of the crime are all taken into account by judges in sentencing. For heinous crimes, the ideas of deterrence and retribution inform judicial discretion, and hence the more popular verdicts are those that award condign punishment. Until sentencing guidelines are framed by the legislature or the superior judiciary, individual judges will have to carry the burden of awarding punishment that befits the crime. By holding that there shall be no consecutive life terms, the court has offered a ray of hope to even those locked away for life, even if it may not guarantee release. For, justice ultimately cannot be merely retributive.What according to the passage both state and society expect?
the longest jail term subsumes the shorter ones
Consecutive prison terms for those convicted of more than one offence in a single trial should not be infrequent in India
the convicts should be imprisoned for as long as possible
None of the above
Which among the following is not TRUE according to the passage given above?
one offence in a single trial are infrequent in India
the idea of releasing a prisoner under supervised probation after a part of the sentence has been served is still frequent in India
most of the countries balance it with a robust system of probation or parole
None of the above
How according to the passage two life sentences can be run consecutively?
two or more sentences of life imprisonment cannot be made to run one after another
two or more sentences of life imprisonment can be made together
two or more sentences of life imprisonment can be made to run one after another
All of the above
Which of the following would be a suitable title of the passage?
Many lives in one jail term
consecutive jail term
Which among the following is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word ``odium''?
Which among the following is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word ``subsumes''?
Study the following graph and answer questions numbered from 49 to 50: Which of the firms got maximum profit growth rate in the year 2006?
Which of the firms got maximum profit growth rate in the year 2007?
There are 50 questions to complete.